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1887.] Recent Literature. 24C 

Parus bicolor. Tufted Titmouse. — Everywhere common up to about 
4000 feet elevation. At Bakersville and Cranberry I seldom took a stroll 
without hearing the whistle of this bird or seeing it with its young. 

Parus carolinensis. Carolina Chickadee. — This bird was not fre- 
quently seen, and not observed at all above 5000 feet altitude. 

Regulus satrapa. Golden-crested Kinglet. — On July 23, shot a 
young of the year at an elevation of 6000 feet; it was in company with the 
rest of the brood and the parents. Not common. 

Merula migiatoria. Robin. — Rarely seen in the lowlands, but common 
on the summit of Roan Mountain, where I found two nests with eggs in 
the balsams ; altitude 6300 feet; others were brought to me which had 
been taken in the woods far from any habitation. 



Euethia grandior, sp. nov. 

Sp. Char. -"-General appearance of E. bicolor ; but larger, the wing is 
much longer, and both mandibles are black. 

Adult $ (Type, No. 10,274, Coll. C. B. Cory) : — Head, throat, breast, 
and upper belly black; a patch of dull yellowish white from the belly to 
the vent; flanks and under tail-coverts dull olive green; back and rump 
olive green; quills brown, edged with olive green; tail greenish above, 
slaty brown beneath, and showing numerous indistinct bands when held 
in the light; bill black. 

Length, 4.50; wing, 2.45; tail, 2; tarsus, .60; bill, .40. 

The great length of wing seems to be constant in sixteen 
specimens from Old Providence. I have compared it with forty- 
four examples of E. bicolor from other localities. 

Habitat. Island of Old Providence, Caribbean Sea. 


The New Canadian Ornithology.* — Decidedly the best we have is this 

•The I Birds of Ontario, | Being a list of Birds observed in the Province of | Ontario, 
with an Account of their Habits, | Distribution, Nests, Eggs, &c, | — By — | Thomas 
Mcllwraith, | Superintendent of the Ontario District | for the | Migration Committee 
of the American | Ornithologists' Union | — | Published by the Hamilton Associa- 
tion. I — I Hamilton : | A. Lawson & Co., Printers, 10 York Street. | — ) 1886. 1 vol. 
8vo. pp. 1-304, i-iv, i-iv, i-vii. 


Recent Literature. [July 

work of a veteran observer, who, if not a prolific writer, has nevertheless 
maintained his interest in ornithology for a quarter of a century, in the 
light of which experience he now treats of the birds of Ontario. Mr. Mcll- 
wraith was in the field in i860 and 1861, when he published* notices of the 
birds of Hamilton, afterwards systematized in a 'List of Birds observed 
near Hamilton, Canada West'f, noting 241 species as a result of ten years' 
observation. This present work is the outcome of an address 'On Birds 
and Bird Matters' delivered before the Hamilton Association April 2, 
1885, when the author promised to prepare a freely-annotated list of the 
birds of that locality. He was then busy in hunting up Canadian observ- 
ers for the Migration Committee of the A. O. U., and in position to 
sound the depths of the ignorance of ornithology among persons fairly 
well informed on things in general. In due process of evolution the mat- 
ter took the present shape of a systematic manual of the subject, such as 
would enable any one to identify the birds that should be met with in On- 
tario. The Hamilton Association published the address in their 'Proceed- 
ings' of one year, and the history of each species the next, the present 
volume being the result. 

The work treats formally of upwards of 250 species (as we judge, with- 
out actually counting them), giving first a concise technical description, 
then the general habitat, and a formal statement of the nest and eggs, fol- 
lowed by local biographical items. Such a work cannot fail to prove of 
interest and usefulness. It places Canadian Ornithology more nearly au 
courant with the progress of the science in other parts of America, and 
easily advances its author to the first place in his own field. We could 
wish it wore a more attractive face typographically, but the sad printing, 
perhaps unavoidable under the circumstances, lessens the value of no sci- 
entific facts which the book presents. — E. C. 

Mcllwraith's Birds of Ontario. — At the request of a few of the promi- 
nent members of the A. O. U., I have prepared the following notes con- 
cerning the 'Birds of Ontario', by Thos. Mcllwraith, Hamilton, Ont., 
pointing out and correcting some errors which have occurred in that 

The eggs of the Bob-white are described as pure white, no mention be- 
ing made of the characteristic stains of light buff which are almost invar- 
iably found. 

Those of the Ruffed Grouse are buff, not cream-color, as stated. 

The Marsh Hawk is said to lay white eggs "blotched or speckled with 
brown," but in reality its eggs are nearly always pure white, sometimes 
with a few spots, but probably never blotched. 

Those of the Baltimore Oriole are stated to be "white, faintly tinged 
with blue," but no mention is made of the lilac, brown, and black spots 
and streakings which render this egg one of the most beautiful we have 
in Ontario. 

* Canad. Nat., V, 1860, pp. 387-396; VI, 1861, pp. 6-18, 129-138. 
t Proc. (Comm.) Essex Inst., V, 1866, pp. 79-96.